62 year old male, heavy smoker, with a long history of leg pain with exertion. Under went spinal fusion with no improvement in symptoms. Exercise ABI's demonstrated severe peripheral arterial disease. CT angiography showed occlusion of the infra renal abdominal aorta, bilateral common iliac arteries, left external iliac artery and severe disease of the right external iliac artery. Recanalization was difficult and ultimately accomplished using a sharp reentry technqiue with a Chiba needle into the abdominal aorta. Covered endografts were used to treat the patient. ABI's were normalized post procedure.
71 year old female with a non healing ulcer on the left foot.
59 year old male with short distance exercise induced left leg pain. Pain was severe and was interfering with the patients actively living.