Educational Musings

Over the course of my career I have had the opportunity too learn from many very talented, knowledgeable and compassionate physicians. In this collection of short essays, I hope to pass back to others tidbits of knowledge that I have learned during my career. Many of these articles have been inspired by patients that I have seen that struggled to get the care they needed.

Leg & Foot UlcersVascular Evaluation in Patients with Lower Extremity Ulceration

Arterial and Venous testing in patients with lower extremity ulcers

AtheroembolismCholesterol embolization after lower extremity revascularization

Cholesterol embolization is an infrequent sequelae after lower extremity revascularization.

Critical Limb IschemiaReperfusion Syndrome and Critical Limb Ischemia

Reperfusion syndrome and inury can occur after revascularization in patients with critical limb ischemia but the entity is poorly understood

Iliac Vein CompressionVenous Claudication

Venous claudication occurs when venous drainage from the left is impaired, Diagnosis and treatment are often delayed.

VaricoceleVaricocele Embolization Outcomes - Skill Matters

Varicocele outcomes when performed by a skill interventionalist are outstanding

Critical Limb IschemiaUnderstanding Critical Limb Ischemia

Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) is a severe blockage of the arteries which markedly reduces blood flow to feet.

Uterine FibroidsFibroid Basics

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomata or myomas, are benign (noncancerous) tumors of the muscular wall of the uterus.

Critical Limb IschemiaSpectrum of Diabetic Foot Ulceration

Diabetic Foot Ulceration (DFU) is one of the most severe consequences of diabetes.

Pelvic Venous IncompetencePelvic Venous Congestion: Symptoms

Pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS) is a condition that causes significant pain and discomfort for women.

Venous InsufficiencyVenous Valves on Ultrasound

Valves are one of the key components of normal venous function. There are valves throughout the veins in the body.

Peripheral Arterial DiseaseNormal CT Angiogram of the Pedal Arteries

CT Angiography is one of the best non-invasive anatomical imaging tools available.

Pelvic Venous IncompetencePelvic Congestion Syndrome: Primary and Secondary Types

It is important to recognize that there are 2 types of PCS, primary and secondary as their treatments differ.

Leg & Foot UlcersFoot Ulcers: Spectrum of Ischemia

Ulcers (wounds) involving the feet and toes are most commonly seen in diabetic patients and are commonly called diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs).

Peripheral Arterial DiseaseClinical Evaluation for Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and its more severe variant critical limb ischemia (CLI) can be notoriously difficult to diagnose.